Origin and Description
Calicross has come and gone as a hops variety. The story goes that Black Root Rot was cause for major crop loss in New Zealand, namely to the Californian (Late Cluster) variety. In 1949 a new program was setup to work on more disease resistant varieties. Fuggle Hops was crossed with California Cluster to produce Calicross. This was the year of 1960, and it helped to transform a new generation of hops production in New Zealand. Calicross was grown until the early 1980's when it was replaced with more vigorous varieties.
Calicross hops is/was a dual use variety with an alpha acid content of 5.8%-7.9%, great for all kinds of beers. It carries a high co-humulone content at 36.0%-44.0%. It is another New Zealand variety with high myrcene oil content. It also has uniquely low caryophyllene levels. Calicross is compared to Cluster with a floral flavor and aroma.
Calicross Hops Usage
Calicross hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.
Calicross Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for calicross hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Calicross Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition
|Beta Acid Composition
Calicross Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Calicross Lupulin Color||Pale Yellow|
Calicross Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Yield||Yield for Calicross Hops is Moderate at 1200 - 2300 kg/hectare|
|Growth Rate||Moderate to Vigorous|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests||Susceptible To:|
|Storability||Calicross Hops maintains 78%-78% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Calicross Hops Oil Composition
Calicross Hops Substitutes
Common Beer Styles for Calicross Hops
Calicross Hops Use in Commercial Beers
|Website||Brewing Company & Beer or Product|