Origin and Description
Centennial Hops is a celebration of the gods in a medium compact cone form. Named after the Washington State festival sharing the same name, this variety was another brain child of the USDA. Once again, Brewer's Gold Hops was used along with Fuggle, East Kent Golding, Bavarian, and one other unknown variety to produce this dark yellow lupulin producer.
Centennial Hops was first created in 1974 and boasts an alpha acid rating of 9.5%-11.5%. It is sometimes referred to as a Super Cascade, however it is lighter on the citrus aromas. Centennial works undoubtedly well in Pale Ales and India Pale Ales, where some bottom line bitterness in beer is needed with the top end aroma. The floral flavor and aroma of this variety is evident in many commercial beers.
Centennial has seen a resurgence in both the beer making and hops growing industry. In its short life, it has seen rise and fall, and is now on an upswing. Its versatility in different beer styles, resistance to disease and fungus, and moderate storagability will keep Centennial in the American mainstream for some time to come.
Centennial Hops Usage
Centennial hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.
Centennial Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for centennial hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Centennial Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||9.5%-11.5%|
|Beta Acid Composition||3.5%-4.5%|
Centennial Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Centennial Lupulin Color||Dark Yellow|
|Centennial Cone Size||Medium|
|Centennial Cone Density||Compact|
Centennial Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Yield||Yield for Centennial Hops is Low to Moderate at 1500 - 1750 kg/hectare|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests||Susceptible To:|
Hop Mosaic Virus,
Prunus Necrotic Ring-Spot Virus,Downy Mildew,Verticillium Wilt,
|Storability||Centennial Hops maintains 60%-65% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Centennial Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||1.5-2.5 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||45%-55%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||10%-18%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||5%-8%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||0%-1%|
Centennial Hops Substitutes
|Cascade (U.S.)||Cascade Hops aroma and flavor is best summed up, as simply, American Pale Ale. There is also New Zealand as well as Argentinean Cascade. This particular varie...|
Columbus Hops is one of the Three C's, including Centennial and Cascade. This variety also has other names including CTZ, which stands for Columbus, Tomahaw...
|Chinook||Chinook Hops was a child of the 1980's, introduced the same year as Rocky IV (Rocky vs. Ivan Drago)....ie 1985. The USDA crossed Petham Golding with USDA 63102...|
Common Beer Styles for Centennial Hops
|Extra Special Bitter (ESB)|
|India Pale Ale|
|Double India Pale Ale|