Origin and Description
Columbus Hops is one of the Three C's, including Centennial and Cascade. This variety also has other names including CTZ, which stands for Columbus, Tomahawk, and Zeus. Tomahawk is the exact same variety, while Zeus hops is so bitterly close that it gets lumped in. The naming struggle has to do with copyrights and patents between Yakima Chief, Inc, and Charles E. Zimmerman who originally produced the variety. This resulted in a joint venture going by the name of HUSA-CEZ, LLC between Charles and Hopunion USA.
With the confusing history put aside, Columbus Hops makes a great dual purpose hops in beer. It brings both a bitterness kick to the table as well as strong dreamy aroma. Columbus brings a 14%-16% alpha acid rating to the table, making it ideal for laying the bitter foundation for beers such as Pale Ales, India Pale Ales, Stouts, and anything Imperial. In the same capacity this variety is commonly used for late-boil or dry hopping for its herbal, earthy character. The aroma is pleasing and citrus notes may be found in fresh batches.
The oil content within Columbus Hops is moderate, and the essential oils are relatively balanced. It is a moderate yielding plant edging towards the higher side, and is grown widely in the U.S. This variety produces medium to large compact cones, and the lupulin is on the paler side of yellow. Some of the most forward looking breweries in the U.S. are using Columbus to flavor their American Style Ales.
Columbus Hops Usage
Columbus hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.
Columbus Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for columbus hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Columbus Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition
|Beta Acid Composition
Columbus Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Columbus Lupulin Color||Pale Yellow to Yellow|
|Columbus Cone Size||Medium to Large|
|Columbus Cone Density||Compact|
Columbus Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Maturity||Mid to Late Season|
|Yield||Yield for Columbus Hops is Moderate at 2000 - 2500 kg/hectare|
|Growth Rate||Moderate to Vigorous|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests|
|Storability||Columbus Hops maintains 50%-60% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Columbus Hops Oil Composition
Columbus Hops Substitutes
|Tomahawk||Tomahawk Hops is part of the CTZ tribe....(Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus). ...|
|Zeus||Zeus Hops, although genetically different, gets shuffled into the CTZ group of Hops. CTZ stands for Columbus, ...|
|Nugget||Nugget Hops was released in 1982 by the U.S.D.A and is a cross between Brewers Gold and a high alpha a...|
|Chinook||Chinook Hops was a child of the 1980's, introduced the same year as Rocky IV (Rocky vs. Ivan Drago)....ie 1985. The USDA crossed Petham Golding with USDA 63102...|
|Target||Target Hops was bred at the Hop Research Institute at Wye College in England and was released in 1992, This variety is a cross between the following: (|
|Northern Brewer (GR)||Northern Brewer is an England native who is seeing its days live out mainly in Germany and the U.S. There is a separate |
|Centennial||Centennial Hops is a celebration of the gods in a medium compact cone form. Named after the Washington State festival sharing the same name, this variety was a...|
Common Beer Styles for Columbus Hops
|India Pale Ale|
|Imperial India Pale Ale|
|Imperial Red Ale|
Columbus Hops Use in Commercial Beers