Origin and Description

Columbus Hops is one of the Three C's, including Centennial and Cascade. This variety also has other names including CTZ, which stands for Columbus, Tomahawk, and Zeus. Tomahawk is the exact same variety, while Zeus hops is so bitterly close that it gets lumped in. The naming struggle has to do with copyrights and patents between Yakima Chief, Inc, and Charles E. Zimmerman who originally produced the variety. This resulted in a joint venture going by the name of HUSA-CEZ, LLC between Charles and Hopunion USA.

With the confusing history put aside, Columbus Hops makes a great dual purpose hops in beer. It brings both a bitterness kick to the table as well as strong dreamy aroma. Columbus brings a 14%-16% alpha acid rating to the table, making it ideal for laying the bitter foundation for beers such as Pale Ales, India Pale Ales, Stouts, and anything Imperial. In the same capacity this variety is commonly used for late-boil or dry hopping for its herbal, earthy character. The aroma is pleasing and citrus notes may be found in fresh batches.

The oil content within Columbus Hops is moderate, and the essential oils are relatively balanced. It is a moderate yielding plant edging towards the higher side, and is grown widely in the U.S. This variety produces medium to large compact cones, and the lupulin is on the paler side of yellow. Some of the most forward looking breweries in the U.S. are using Columbus to flavor their American Style Ales.

Columbus Hops Usage

Columbus hops has aromatic and bittering qualities.
Columbus hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.

Columbus Hops Characteristics

Below is a list of characteristics for columbus hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.

Columbus Hops Acid Composition

Alpha Acid Composition 14%-18%Columbus Hops Alpha Acid Composition - 14 To 18 Percent
Beta Acid Composition 4.5%-5.5%Columbus Hops Beta Acid Composition - 4.5 To 5.5 Percent
Co-Humulone Composition 30%-35%Columbus Hops Co-Humulone Acid Composition - 30 To 35 Percent

Columbus Hops Cone Physical Characteristics

Columbus Lupulin ColorPale Yellow to YellowPale Yellow to Yellow Lupulin Color for Columbus Hops
Columbus Cone SizeMedium to LargeColumbus Hop - Medium to LargeCone Size
Columbus Cone DensityCompactColumbus Hops - Compact Cone Density

Columbus Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details

MaturityMid to Late SeasonColumbus Hops - Mid to Late Season Maturity
YieldYield for Columbus Hops is Moderate at 2000 - 2500 kg/hectare
Columbus Hops - Moderate Crop Yields
Growth RateModerate to Vigorous
Columbus Hops - Moderate to Vigorous Growth Rate
Susceptibility to Disease and PestsColumbus Hops Resistance to Disease & Pests is Poor to Moderate
StorabilityColumbus Hops maintains 50%-60% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees CColumbus Hops Storability - Poor to Moderate
Ease of HarvestGoodColumbus Hops - Good Pickability

Columbus Hops Oil Composition

Total Oil Composition1.5-2 mls/100 gramsColumbus Hops - Total Oil Compensation 1.5-2 mls
Myrcene Oil Composition25%-45%Columbus Hops - Myrcene Oil Compensation 25-45 Percent
Humulene Oil Composition15%-25%Columbus Hops - Humulene Oil Compensation 15-25 Percent
Caryophyllene Oil Composition8%-12%Columbus Hops - Caryophyllene Oil Compensation 8-12 Percent.jpg
Farnesene Oil Composition0%-1%Columbus Hops -Farnesene Oil Compensation 0-1 Percent

Columbus Hops Substitutes

TomahawkTomahawk Hops is part of the CTZ tribe....(Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus). ...
ZeusZeus Hops, although genetically different, gets shuffled into the CTZ group of Hops. CTZ stands for Columbus, ...
NuggetNugget Hops was released in 1982 by the U.S.D.A and is a cross between Brewers Gold and a high alpha a...
ChinookChinook Hops was a child of the 1980's, introduced the same year as Rocky IV (Rocky vs. Ivan Drago)....ie 1985. The USDA crossed Petham Golding with USDA 63102...
TargetTarget Hops was bred at the Hop Research Institute at Wye College in England and was released in 1992, This variety is a cross between the following: (
Northern Brewer (GR)Northern Brewer is an England native who is seeing its days live out mainly in Germany and the U.S. There is a separate
CentennialCentennial Hops is a celebration of the gods in a medium compact cone form. Named after the Washington State festival sharing the same name, this variety was a...

Common Beer Styles for Columbus Hops

    Beer Style
    India Pale Ale
    Imperial India Pale Ale
    Pale Ale
    Imperial Brown
    Imperial Red Ale
    Barley Wine

    Columbus Hops Use in Commercial Beers

    WebsiteBrewing Company & Beer or Product
    Bison Brewing Company
    Organic IPA
    Marin Brewing Company
    Mt. Tam Pale Ale
    Great Basin Brewing Company
    Hop Head Ale
    Silver City Restaurant and Brewery
    Indianola Pale Ale
    Spring House Brewing Company
    Atomic Raygun Imperial Red
    Free State Brewing Company
    C3 IPA
    Backroad Brewery
    Midwest IPA
    Green Flash Brewing Company
    West Coast IPA
    Flying Dog Brewery
    Snake Dog India Pale Ale
    Mercury Brewing Company
    Ipswich Harvest Ale
    Dogfish Head Brewing Company
    Shelter Pale Ale
    Barrio Brewing Company
    Barrio India Pale Ale
    Full Sail Brewing Company
    Grandsun of Spot IPA