Origin and Description

Crystal Hops was born in 1983, created in Corvallis Oregon. Drink a Rogue Brutal Bitter, and say colchicine induced tetraploid three times. This type of Hallertau was crossed with USDA 21381M, which is resistant to downy mildew. Out comes a hops variety, which is a half sister of both Mt Hood Hops and Liberty Hops.

Crystal Hops bears a low alpha acid rating of 3.5%-6.0%, and carries a relatively high myrcene oil content. This combination makes it ideal for aroma additions in the wort as it bring with it a mix of woody, green, some floral and fruit notes, with some herb and spice character. Crystal Hops lends itself to a number of beers like Light Ales, such as Goldens, Pale Ales, Aroma for India Pale Ales, and even Stouts and Lagers.

Crystal's ancestral tree suggests it was intended to be disease resistant, and this proves so with its resistance to downy mildew. Acreage of Crystal is on the rise, even though its yield is on the light side. Crystal is fairly easy to obtain, however its profile allows itself of substitution with other varieties including Hersbruck and Hallertau Hops. It is more widely used in the U.S.but can be found in beers from England as well.

Crystal Hops Usage

Crystal hops is aromatic qualities.
Crystal hops is commonly used as as aroma agent in beer.

Crystal Hops Characteristics

Below is a list of characteristics for crystal hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.

Crystal Hops Acid Composition

Alpha Acid Composition 3.5%-6%Crystal Hops Alpha Acid Composition - 3.5 To 6 Percent
Beta Acid Composition 4.5%-6.7%Crystal Hops Beta Acid Composition - 4.5 To 6.7 Percent
Co-Humulone Composition 20%-22%Crystal Hops Co-Humulone Acid Composition - 20 To 22 Percent

Crystal Hops Cone Physical Characteristics

Crystal Lupulin ColorYellowYellow Lupulin Color for Crystal Hops
Crystal Cone SizeMediumCrystal Hop - Medium Cone Size
Crystal Cone DensityModerateCrystal Hops - Moderate Cone Density

Crystal Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details

MaturityMid SeasonCrystal Hops - Mid Season Maturity
YieldYield for Crystal Hops is Low at 1200 - 1500 kg/hectare
Crystal Hops - Low Crop Yields
Growth RateModerate to Vigorous
Crystal Hops - Moderate to Vigorous Growth Rate
Susceptibility to Disease and Pests
Resistent To:
Downy Mildew,Pseudoperonospora,
Crystal Hops Resistance to Disease & Pests is Moderate to Excellent
StorabilityCrystal Hops maintains 50%-51% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees CCrystal Hops Storability - Poor to Moderate
Ease of HarvestGoodCrystal Hops - Good Pickability

Crystal Hops Oil Composition

Total Oil Composition0.8-2.1 mls/100 gramsCrystal Hops - Total Oil Compensation 0.8-2.1 mls
Myrcene Oil Composition40%-65%Crystal Hops - Myrcene Oil Compensation 40-65 Percent
Humulene Oil Composition18%-24%Crystal Hops - Humulene Oil Compensation 18-24 Percent
Caryophyllene Oil Composition4%-8%Crystal Hops - Caryophyllene Oil Compensation 4-8 Percent.jpg
Farnesene Oil Composition0%-1%Crystal Hops -Farnesene Oil Compensation 0-1 Percent

Crystal Hops Substitutes

Mount HoodMt Hood is another descendant of the Hallertau family of Hops and is specifically a cross between a colchicine induced tetraploid Hallertau Mittelfrueh and USDA...
HersbruckerHersbrucker Hops was the gift of the earth from the Hersbruck district in Hallertau Germany. This variety, found from natural selection, has been taking over a...
StrisselspaltStrisselspalt Hops is one of the few varieties from France, and other varieties from the country include Elsasser Hops, Precoce de Bourgogne, and Tardif de Bou...
LibertyLiberty Hops is an extension of the Hallertau family of hops and was bred in 1983 from Hallertauer Mittlefrüh and a disease (Downy Mildew, Verticillium Wilt) r...
HallertauThink Hallertau Hops and think Bavarian beers styles. The Hallertau variety once dominated the region from which it was named before being replaced by a

Common Beer Styles for Crystal Hops

    Beer Style
    Light Lager
    Golden Ale
    Nut Brown Ale
    Pale Ale
    India Pale Ale
    Chocolate Stout

    Crystal Hops Use in Commercial Beers

    WebsiteBrewing Company & Beer or Product
    Rogue Brewing Company
    Brutal Bitter
    Double Mountain Brewery and Taproom
    Pale Ale
    Deschutes Brewery
    Green Lakes Organic Ale
    Wild River Brewing Company
    Nut Brown Ale
    Troegs Brewing Company
    Scratch #21 - Artisan Ale
    Lazy Boy Brewing Company
    Ithaca Beer Company
    Pale Ale
    Montana Brewing Company
    Pale Ale
    Mountain Sun Pub and Brewery
    Belgian Dip Chocolate Stout
    Hadrian & Border Brewery
    Byker Gem