Origin and Description
Galena Hops was part of an Idaho breeding program in 1978 that involved the cross between Brewers Gold and open pollination. Bam!!...Galena. This high alpha acid variety is interwoven into the hearts of brew-kind, and is most commonly used for bittering at the beginning of a boil. Galena has a whopping 11.5%-14% alpha acid rating, that must have come from the open pollination variety.
Galena Hops exceeds in bringing a clean crisp bitterness, and this makes it suitable for nearly any type of beer needing kick. This variety has higher myrcene oil content than most hops. Myrcene itself has the smell of sweet fruits such as grapes and peaches, while at the same time having essence of woody, or grassy elements. The balance of myrcene with the other oils brings a moderate and pleasant aroma, making it applicable for aroma additions in the wort.
Galena hops produces medium compact cones, and is only a moderate producer relatively early in the season. The lupulin is generous as you would expect, and is a middle of the road yellow color. Galena Hops has susceptibility to some disease and fungus, much of which was remedied in the Super Galena Hops variety.
Galena Hops Usage
Galena hops is commonly used as as bittering agent in beer.
Galena Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for galena hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Galena Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||11.5%-14%|
|Beta Acid Composition||7.2%-9%|
Galena Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Galena Lupulin Color||Yellow|
|Galena Cone Size||Medium|
|Galena Cone Density||Compact|
Galena Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Maturity||Early to Mid Season|
|Yield||Yield for Galena Hops is Low to Moderate at 1700 - 2230 kg/hectare|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests||Susceptible To:|
Prunus Necrotic Ring-Spot Virus,Powdery Mildew,Aphids,
|Storability||Galena Hops maintains 75%-80% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Galena Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||0.9-1.3 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||55%-60%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||10%-15%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||3%-5.5%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||0%-1%|
Galena Hops Substitutes
|Nugget||Nugget Hops was released in 1982 by the U.S.D.A and is a cross between Brewers Gold and a high alpha a...|
Columbus Hops is one of the Three C's, including Centennial and Cascade. This variety also has other names including CTZ, which stands for Columbus, Tomahaw...
|Tomahawk||Tomahawk Hops is part of the CTZ tribe....(Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus). ...|
|Zeus||Zeus Hops, although genetically different, gets shuffled into the CTZ group of Hops. CTZ stands for Columbus, ...|
Common Beer Styles for Galena Hops
|India Pale Ale|
|Imperial India Pale Ale|
|American Pale Ale|
|American Brown Ale|