Origin and Description
Pacific Gem Hops comes from the breeding program at the New Zealand Horticultural Research Centre. In 1987 this triploid hops variety was released. Pacific Gem is a cross between Smooth Cone, Californian Late Cluster (Disease susceptible, but good yield potential), and Fuggle Hops.
Pacific Gem is an alpha hops variety with alpha acid content at 13.0%-16.0%. It is considered a bittering hops with a refreshing nip, which happens to have a moderately high co-humulone content. The flavor in beer is known for having tones of oak and woody offsets. Pacific Gem Hops has its oils in balance and It is highly favored for aromatic qualities. The bouquet is fruity and closely resembles blackberries. Although considered a bittering hops, Pacific Gem is used in all capacities for its rich properties.
Pacific Gem Hops is known for its productive consistency. The long compact cones are used around the globe now, and are most widely used in Ale style beers, especially those needing some bite. This vigorous grower that is harvest early to mid season enjoys the relatively disease free environment of New Zealand.
Pacific Gem Hops Usage
Pacific Gem hops is commonly used as as bittering agent in beer.
Pacific Gem Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for pacific gem hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Pacific Gem Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||13%-16%|
|Beta Acid Composition||7%-9%|
Pacific Gem Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Pacific Gem Lupulin Color||Yellow|
|Pacific Gem Cone Size||Medium to Large|
|Pacific Gem Cone Density||Compact|
Pacific Gem Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Maturity||Early to Mid Season|
|Yield||Yield for Pacific Gem Hops is Moderate to High at 2380 - 2380 kg/hectare|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests|
|Storability||Pacific Gem Hops maintains 70%-80% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Pacific Gem Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||1.2-1.4 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||33%-55%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||18%-29.9%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||7%-11%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||0%-1%|
Pacific Gem Hops Substitutes
Columbus Hops is one of the Three C's, including Centennial and Cascade. This variety also has other names including CTZ, which stands for Columbus, Tomahaw...
|Tomahawk||Tomahawk Hops is part of the CTZ tribe....(Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus). ...|
|Zeus||Zeus Hops, although genetically different, gets shuffled into the CTZ group of Hops. CTZ stands for Columbus, ...|
|Pacific Jade||Pacific Jade, like most hops bred in New Zealand, comes from the Hop Research Program by HortResearch Center in Riwaka, NZ. In 2004 this variety was released a...|
|Pacific Sunrise||Pacific Sunrise Hops is a high alpha bittering variety that was released in 2000 by the Hop Research Program of the HortResearch Center. Its a triploid variety...|
Common Beer Styles for Pacific Gem Hops
|India Pale Ale|
|Double Imperial Stout|
|English Pale Ale|