Origin and Description

Pacific Gem Hops comes from the breeding program at the New Zealand Horticultural Research Centre. In 1987 this triploid hops variety was released. Pacific Gem is a cross between Smooth Cone, Californian Late Cluster (Disease susceptible, but good yield potential), and Fuggle Hops.

Pacific Gem is an alpha hops variety with alpha acid content at 13.0%-16.0%. It is considered a bittering hops with a refreshing nip, which happens to have a moderately high co-humulone content. The flavor in beer is known for having tones of oak and woody offsets. Pacific Gem Hops has its oils in balance and It is highly favored for aromatic qualities. The bouquet is fruity and closely resembles blackberries. Although considered a bittering hops, Pacific Gem is used in all capacities for its rich properties.

Pacific Gem Hops is known for its productive consistency. The long compact cones are used around the globe now, and are most widely used in Ale style beers, especially those needing some bite. This vigorous grower that is harvest early to mid season enjoys the relatively disease free environment of New Zealand.

Pacific Gem Hops Usage

Pacific Gem hops has bittering qualities.
Pacific Gem hops is commonly used as as bittering agent in beer.

Pacific Gem Hops Characteristics

Below is a list of characteristics for pacific gem hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.

Pacific Gem Hops Acid Composition

Alpha Acid Composition 13%-16%Pacific Gem Hops Alpha Acid Composition - 13 To 16 Percent
Beta Acid Composition 7%-9%Pacific Gem Hops Beta Acid Composition - 7 To 9 Percent
Co-Humulone Composition 37%-40%Pacific Gem Hops Co-Humulone Acid Composition - 37 To 40 Percent

Pacific Gem Hops Cone Physical Characteristics

Pacific Gem Lupulin ColorYellowYellow Lupulin Color for Pacific Gem Hops
Pacific Gem Cone SizeMedium to LargePacific Gem Hop - Medium to LargeCone Size
Pacific Gem Cone DensityCompactPacific Gem Hops - Compact Cone Density

Pacific Gem Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details

MaturityEarly to Mid SeasonPacific Gem Hops - Early to Mid Season Maturity
YieldYield for Pacific Gem Hops is Moderate to High at 2380 - 2380 kg/hectare
Pacific Gem Hops - Moderate to High Crop Yields
Growth RateVigorous
Pacific Gem Hops - Vigorous Growth Rate
Susceptibility to Disease and PestsPacific Gem Hops Resistance to Disease & Pests is Moderate to Excellent
StorabilityPacific Gem Hops maintains 70%-80% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees CPacific Gem Hops Storability - Moderate to Excellent
Ease of HarvestGoodPacific Gem Hops - Good Pickability

Pacific Gem Hops Oil Composition

Total Oil Composition1.2-1.4 mls/100 gramsPacific Gem Hops - Total Oil Compensation 1.2-1.4 mls
Myrcene Oil Composition33%-55%Pacific Gem Hops - Myrcene Oil Compensation 33-55 Percent
Humulene Oil Composition18%-29.9%Pacific Gem Hops - Humulene Oil Compensation 18-29.9 Percent
Caryophyllene Oil Composition7%-11%Pacific Gem Hops - Caryophyllene Oil Compensation 7-11 Percent.jpg
Farnesene Oil Composition0%-1%Pacific Gem Hops -Farnesene Oil Compensation 0-1 Percent

Pacific Gem Hops Substitutes


Columbus Hops is one of the Three C's, including Centennial and Cascade. This variety also has other names including CTZ, which stands for Columbus, Tomahaw...

TomahawkTomahawk Hops is part of the CTZ tribe....(Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus). ...
ZeusZeus Hops, although genetically different, gets shuffled into the CTZ group of Hops. CTZ stands for Columbus, ...
Pacific JadePacific Jade, like most hops bred in New Zealand, comes from the Hop Research Program by HortResearch Center in Riwaka, NZ. In 2004 this variety was released a...
Pacific SunrisePacific Sunrise Hops is a high alpha bittering variety that was released in 2000 by the Hop Research Program of the HortResearch Center. Its a triploid variety...

Common Beer Styles for Pacific Gem Hops

    Beer Style
    India Pale Ale
    Strong Ale
    Amber Ale
    Pale Ale
    Double Imperial Stout
    English Pale Ale
    Brown Ale

    Pacific Gem Hops Use in Commercial Beers

    WebsiteBrewing Company & Beer or Product
    Short's Brewing Company
    Grass River Natural Ale
    5 Seasons Brewing
    Big 'O'
    Eel River Brewing Company
    Organic Porter
    Eel River Brewing Company
    Organic Amber Ale
    Monteith's Brewery Bar
    Original Ale
    Crannog Ales
    Beyond the Pale Ale
    Bristol Brewing Company
    XXX Warlock Double Imperial Stout
    Burton Bridge Brewery
    Barrier Boy
    Emerson's Brewery
    Dunedin Brown Ale
    Fish Brewing Company
    Fish Tale Organic India Pale Ale
    Oregon Trail Brewery
    Pacific Gem Porter