Origin and Description
Phoenix Hops comes from the Wye College in Kent, England. Wye College has produced some excellent varieties including this one, which was taken as a seedling of Yeoman Hops. Phoenix Hops was bred as a replacement for Challenger as it is much more resilient to disease and fungus.
Phoenix Hops is a dual purpose hops variety and has a well rounded character. With an alpha acid content at 8.5%-13.5% this variety can add some gusto to beers needing a hop kick. It is compared to Challenger Hops which has some spice to it. The aroma from Phoenix hops is tempered with an English style about it. The farnesene oil registers in this hops variety at 1.0%-1.4%, which itself is known for aromas such as magnolia flowers, citrusy, green, and woody. These notes are more subdued after blending with the moderate composition of the other essential oils.
Phoenix Hops is a very low yielding plant. The medium size lose to moderate hop cones are harvested early in the season after a weak to moderate growing cycle. Disease resistance is one of Phoenix Hops strong suits. This hops variety does not enjoy a huge demand, but is available on open market.
Phoenix Hops Usage
Phoenix hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.
Phoenix Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for phoenix hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Phoenix Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||8.5%-13.5%|
|Beta Acid Composition||3.3%-5.5%|
Phoenix Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Phoenix Lupulin Color||Yellow|
|Phoenix Cone Size||Medium|
|Phoenix Cone Density||Loose to Moderate|
Phoenix Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Yield||Yield for Phoenix Hops is Low at 982 - 1562 kg/hectare|
|Growth Rate||Weak to Moderate|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests||Susceptible To:|
Verticillium Wilt, Powdery Mildew,
|Storability||Phoenix Hops maintains 80%-85% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Phoenix Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||1.2-3 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||24%-32%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||25%-32%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||8%-11%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||1%-1.4%|
Phoenix Hops Substitutes
|Northdown||Northdown Hops was designed to be resistant to downy mildew and at the time of its release, in the early 1970's, it was considered on the higher side of the alp...|
|East Kent Golding||East Kent Golding Hops belong to the Golding Family of varieties, and is considered a premium hops that is celebrated in the U.K. and the U.S. Kent is a Region...|
|Challenger||Challenger Hops has popularity in England, and was bred at Wye College using Northern Brewer and a German variety in 1961. It is a dual use hops with a moderat...|
Common Beer Styles for Phoenix Hops
|India Pale Ale|
|Triple India Pale Ale|
|Extra Special Bitter (ESB)|