Origin and Description
Pioneer Hops was bred at Wye College in Kent, England. This is another variety from the college with dwarf qualities, although Pioneer sits somewhere in the middle. Pioneer is a sister to Herald Hops and will add English qualities to varying styles of ales.
Pioneer hops is a dual use hops. The alpha acid levels in Pioneer range from 8.0%-10.0% which asserts a mild-tempered and even-keeled bitterness. The co-humulone for Pioneer is relatively high at 36.0%-40.0%. The aroma is considered a classic English style, and come from the oils that lay relatively in balance within the moderate size tight hop cones. Pioneer Hops has essence of citrus fruits, and can be used anytime throughout the brewing process.
Pioneer Hops has a moderately low yield, stemming from its dwarf-like quality. The mid to late season harvest for this hops variety comes after a defensive growing season. Pioneer has tolerance to three of the biggies including Verticillium Wilt, Powdery Mildew, and Downy Mildew. It is most widely used in varying style of Ales and somewhat hits the spectrum in European commercial beers.
Pioneer Hops Usage
Pioneer hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.
Pioneer Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for pioneer hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Pioneer Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||8%-10%|
|Beta Acid Composition||3.5%-4%|
Pioneer Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Pioneer Lupulin Color||Yellow|
|Pioneer Cone Size||Small to Medium|
|Pioneer Cone Density||Moderate to Compact|
Pioneer Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Maturity||Mid to Late Season|
|Yield||Yield for Pioneer Hops is Low at 1200 - 1500 kg/hectare|
|Growth Rate||Weak to Moderate|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests|
Verticillium Wilt,Powdery Mildew,Downy Mildew;,
|Storability||Pioneer Hops maintains 60%-70% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Pioneer Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||1-1.8 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||31%-36%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||22%-24%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||7%-8%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||0%-1%|
Pioneer Hops Substitutes
|East Kent Golding||East Kent Golding Hops belong to the Golding Family of varieties, and is considered a premium hops that is celebrated in the U.K. and the U.S. Kent is a Region...|
Common Beer Styles for Pioneer Hops
|India Pale Ale|
|Imperial India Pale Ale|