Origin and Description
U.S. Saaz Hops was taken as seedling from the venerated Saaz Hops of Czechoslovakia. Saaz Hops in general is a prized aromatic variety that is the foundation for many Bohemian Pilsners, Lagers, and Belgian Style Ales.
Saaz Hops from the United States carries the same esteemed qualities as its European counterpart including a low alpha acid content of 3.0%-4.5% with a low alpha beta ratio of 1:1, giving a mild smooth bitterness in beers. The aroma in U.S. Saaz is earthy, with a mild spice, and comes from balanced essential oils including farnesene.
U.S. Saaz is difficult to grow in the United States and is low on the production side. The small loose hop cones are difficult to harvest after a weak growing cycle. It is still common to find the U.S. variety of Saaz in commercial beers, and they are mainly used in Lagers and Pilsners.
Saaz (U.S.) Hops Usage
Saaz (U.S.) hops is commonly used as as aroma agent in beer.
Saaz (U.S.) Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for saaz (u.s.) hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Saaz (U.S.) Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||3%-4.5%|
|Beta Acid Composition||3%-4.5%|
Saaz (U.S.) Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Saaz (U.S.) Lupulin Color||Pale Yellow|
|Saaz (U.S.) Cone Size||Small to Medium|
|Saaz (U.S.) Cone Density||Loose to Moderate|
Saaz (U.S.) Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Yield||Yield for Saaz (U.S.) Hops is Low at 600 - 1000 kg/hectare|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests|
|Storability||Saaz (U.S.) Hops maintains 45%-55% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Poor to Good|
Saaz (U.S.) Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||0.5-1 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||25%-37%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||23%-40%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||7%-11%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||9%-13%|
Saaz (U.S.) Hops Substitutes
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