Origin and Description

U.S. Saaz Hops was taken as seedling from the venerated Saaz Hops of Czechoslovakia. Saaz Hops in general is a prized aromatic variety that is the foundation for many Bohemian Pilsners, Lagers, and Belgian Style Ales.

Saaz Hops from the United States carries the same esteemed qualities as its European counterpart including a low alpha acid content of 3.0%-4.5% with a low alpha beta ratio of 1:1, giving a mild smooth bitterness in beers. The aroma in U.S. Saaz is earthy, with a mild spice, and comes from balanced essential oils including farnesene.

U.S. Saaz is difficult to grow in the United States and is low on the production side. The small loose hop cones are difficult to harvest after a weak growing cycle. It is still common to find the U.S. variety of Saaz in commercial beers, and they are mainly used in Lagers and Pilsners.

Saaz (U.S.) Hops Usage

Saaz (U.S.) hops is aromatic qualities.
Saaz (U.S.) hops is commonly used as as aroma agent in beer.

Saaz (U.S.) Hops Characteristics

Below is a list of characteristics for saaz (u.s.) hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.

Saaz (U.S.) Hops Acid Composition

Alpha Acid Composition 3%-4.5%Saaz (U.S.) Hops Alpha Acid Composition - 3 To 4.5 Percent
Beta Acid Composition 3%-4.5%Saaz (U.S.) Hops Beta Acid Composition - 3 To 4.5 Percent
Co-Humulone Composition 24%-28%Saaz (U.S.) Hops Co-Humulone Acid Composition - 24 To 28 Percent

Saaz (U.S.) Hops Cone Physical Characteristics

Saaz (U.S.) Lupulin ColorPale YellowPale Yellow Lupulin Color for Saaz (U.S.) Hops
Saaz (U.S.) Cone SizeSmall to MediumSaaz (U.S.) Hop - Small to Medium Cone Size
Saaz (U.S.) Cone DensityLoose to ModerateSaaz (U.S.) Hops - Loose to Moderate Cone Density

Saaz (U.S.) Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details

MaturityEarly SeasonSaaz (U.S.) Hops - Early Season Maturity
YieldYield for Saaz (U.S.) Hops is Low at 600 - 1000 kg/hectare
Saaz (U.S.) Hops - Low Crop Yields
Growth RateWeak
Saaz (U.S.) Hops - Weak Growth Rate
Susceptibility to Disease and PestsSaaz (U.S.) Hops Resistance to Disease & Pests is Moderate
StorabilitySaaz (U.S.) Hops maintains 45%-55% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees CSaaz (U.S.) Hops Storability - Poor
Ease of HarvestPoor to GoodSaaz (U.S.) Hops - Poor to Good Pickability

Saaz (U.S.) Hops Oil Composition

Total Oil Composition0.5-1 mls/100 gramsSaaz (U.S.) Hops - Total Oil Compensation 0.5-1 mls
Myrcene Oil Composition25%-37%Saaz (U.S.) Hops - Myrcene Oil Compensation 25-37 Percent
Humulene Oil Composition23%-40%Saaz (U.S.) Hops - Humulene Oil Compensation 23-40 Percent
Caryophyllene Oil Composition7%-11%Saaz (U.S.) Hops - Caryophyllene Oil Compensation 7-11 Percent.jpg
Farnesene Oil Composition9%-13%Saaz (U.S.) Hops -Farnesene Oil Compensation 9-13 Percent

Saaz (U.S.) Hops Substitutes

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