Origin and Description
Saphir Hops, sometimes called Saphire, Sapphire, or Hallertau Saphir, was bred from the Hops Research Institute in Hull Germany. It is a cross between two of the newer varieties from the program....83/17/20 and 80/56/6. It was created around the same time as Opal and Smaragd Hops, all of which are noble-like varieties with extremely low co-humulone.
Saphir Hops has a very low alpha acid content at 2.0%-5.0%, making it one of the lowest alpha hops in the world. Saphire has more than double the beta acid content. The very low co-humulone content really illustrates part of the presumed agenda from the breeding program in Hull, to create more varieties in the noble family, and comes in at 11.0%-17.0%. The oils are balanced in Saphir, with the exception of a commonly low farnesene. Saphir Hops is compared to Hallertauer Mittlefrueh, which is closely associated with German style beers and has been a trade mark of German Style Lagers. The bitterness is naturally very low with Saphir, and the real contribution from this hops is on the aroma side. Bringing a sweet citrus bouquet to the pot or fermentation tank, Saphir can be used throughout the brewing process.
Saphir Hops is one of the newer hop varieties from German, that is taking over some of the growing acreage of Hallertauer Mittlefrueh. Despite the switch in 2008 in Germany to producing more bittering hop varieties, this variety is on the increase as far as production and consumption. It is resistant to many of the most disastrous disease and mildew including wilt, downy mildew, and powdery mildew.
Saphir Hops Usage
Saphir hops is commonly used as as aroma agent in beer.
Saphir Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for saphir hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Saphir Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||2%-5%|
|Beta Acid Composition||6%-7%|
Saphir Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Saphir Lupulin Color||Pale Yellow|
Saphir Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Maturity||Early to Mid Season|
|Yield||Yield for Saphir Hops is Low to Moderate at 1557 - 1557 kg/hectare|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests|
|Storability||Saphir Hops maintains 60%-70% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Unknown|
Saphir Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||0.8-1.5 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||24%-40%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||20%-30%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||9%-14%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||0%-1%|
Saphir Hops Substitutes
|Hallertauer Mittelfrüh||Hallertauer Mittelfrüh is one of the noble hop varieties that originates from Germany. It has been on the decline in terms of production as it is being replac...|
Common Beer Styles for Saphir Hops
|Belgian Strong Ale|
Saphir Hops Use in Commercial Beers
|Website||Brewing Company & Beer or Product|
|Victory Brewing Company|
Sapphire Belgian Strong Ale
|Victory Brewing Company|
Schneider-Brooklyner Hopfen Weisse
|Brouwerij De Molen|
|Lafayette Brewing Company|
Ouiatenon Wit Beer