Origin and Description
Smooth Cone Hops was developed at the Riwaka Research Station in New Zealand in the early 1960's. Smooth Cone is a cross between California Cluster and open pollination. First Choice hops is a sister of Smooth Cone, and had its glory years in the 1960's and 1970's. Its time has passed and is not grown commercially anymore, but was used to help develop the next generation of super alpha varieties in New Zealand including Green Bullet, SuperAlpha, and Alpharoma.
Smooth Cone Hops is, or was, a dual use hops with a moderate alpha acid content at 7.0%-9.5%. It comes with a high level of myrcene oil compared to the other oils. It is compared to being similar to Cluster Hops, which has shared in the same shadow of super alpha varieties. Cluster has a balanced floral character.
Smooth Cone Hops is not grown commercially anymore, but it is seems possible this breed is still growing somewhere in New Zealand. It would be a treat to get a hold of one of these rhizomes, to plant, and bring back a part of history. Smooth cone has susceptibility to downy mildew, with no other indications to reactions from disease and virus. And it was a fairly low yielding plant back when the measurements were taken.
Smooth Cone Hops Usage
Smooth Cone hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.
Smooth Cone Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for smooth cone hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Smooth Cone Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition
|Beta Acid Composition
Smooth Cone Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Smooth Cone Lupulin Color||Pale Yellow|
Smooth Cone Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Yield||Yield for Smooth Cone Hops is Low at 651 - 1520 kg/hectare|
|Growth Rate||Moderate to Vigorous|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests||Susceptible To:|
|Storability||Smooth Cone Hops maintains 60%-70% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Unknown|
Smooth Cone Hops Oil Composition
Smooth Cone Hops Substitutes
|Cluster||Cluster Hops comes from, as they say, mass selection. This translates to varieties were likely transported from europe, potentially by the Dutch and English se...|
Common Beer Styles for Smooth Cone Hops
Smooth Cone Hops Use in Commercial Beers
|Website||Brewing Company & Beer or Product|