Origin and Description
Southern Brewer Hops helped to give promise to hop cultivation in South Africa. The African Breweries Hops Farms Ltd. started a brewing program in 1956 to develop local hop varieties that were well adapted for the climate and daylight hours. The major hop variety at the time in the region (Golden Cluster) was struck with black root rot. The first successful variety from the program, Southern Brewer emerged in 1972 and was a mix between (Fuggle x open pollination) x (Fuggle x open pollination). It became a mainstay of South Africa for the next 20 years, but only with the addition of artificial lights attached above the hops trellis. The daylight is too short around the equator, and the additional lighting helped advance Southern Brewer Hops for the region. It was not until 1992 when two new varieties were introduced that did not need that additional artificial lighting to succeed. Those two hop varieties were Outeniqua and Southern Promise (Which is a descendant of Southern Brewer).
Southern Brewer Hops is considered a bittering hops variety for brewing. Its alpha acid content can vary, but tends to reside in the 9.0%-10.5% range. Despite Southern Brewer's high level of myrcene oil and registering farnesene oil it does not have any outstanding flavor or aroma qualities, and is most applicable to bittering additions to the kettle.
Southern Brewer Hops is readily available in South Africa, as it is still widely grown there. It has a fairly high yield averaging around 1750 lbs/acre. The medium to large moderately compact oval shaped hop cones are harvested early to mid season after a somewhat vigorous growing cycle. Southern Brewer was bred with resistance to powdery mildew as well as verticillium wilt. It is going to be more easily found in commercial beers from South Africa, and if you are looking for a substitute, Southern Promise may be easier to get a hold of.
Southern Brewer Hops Usage
Southern Brewer hops is commonly used as as bittering agent in beer.
Southern Brewer Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for southern brewer hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Southern Brewer Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||5.6%-12%|
|Beta Acid Composition||2.8%-5%|
Southern Brewer Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Southern Brewer Lupulin Color||Pale Yellow|
|Southern Brewer Cone Size||Medium to Large|
|Southern Brewer Cone Density||Moderate to Compact|
Southern Brewer Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Maturity||Early to Mid Season|
|Yield||Yield for Southern Brewer Hops is Moderate to High at 1323 - 2205 kg/hectare|
|Growth Rate||Moderate to Vigorous|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests|
Powdery Mildew,Verticillium Wilt,
|Storability||Southern Brewer Hops maintains 60%-70% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Southern Brewer Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||0.4-1.5 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||50.2%-61.9%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||9.5%-25.5%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||4.3%-10.4%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||3%-11.2%|
Southern Brewer Hops Substitutes
|Southern Promise||Southern Promise is a hops variety that took South African hops cultivation to a new level. As a diploid variety that descended from Southern Brewer and a Yugo...|
Common Beer Styles for Southern Brewer Hops
Southern Brewer Hops Use in Commercial Beers
|Website||Brewing Company & Beer or Product|