Origin and Description

Southern Cross Hops was released in 1994 by the HortResearch breeding Programme. Southern Cross was bred as a triploid cross between Smooth Cone (or Smoothcone), a variety bred from Cali or Californian (An early North American hops variety), and Fuggle.

Southern Cross Hops is a dual use hops as it imparts both desirable bittering and aroma for brewing. The alpha acid content is 11.0%-14.5%, and is suitable for beginning of the boil contributions. The bitterness is soft and and flavor comes off as a mix between citrus and spice. The co-humnulone in Southern Cross is relatively low as well. The oils are somewhat in balance with farnesene oil and myrcene oil being slightly elevated. The aroma is described as a bountiful bouquet of lemon zest with pine in beer.

Southern Cross Hops is promoted as having no substitutes due to its unique character. It is a strong yielding hops variety with fairly large oval hop cones that are moderate in density. The vigorous growth cycle end mid season for Southern Cross.


Southern Cross Hops Usage


Southern Cross hops has aromatic and bittering qualities.
Southern Cross hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.

Southern Cross Hops Characteristics


Below is a list of characteristics for southern cross hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.

Southern Cross Hops Acid Composition

Alpha Acid Composition 11%-14.5%Southern Cross Hops Alpha Acid Composition - 11 To 14.5 Percent
Beta Acid Composition 5%-6.4%Southern Cross Hops Beta Acid Composition - 5 To 6.4 Percent
Co-Humulone Composition 25%-28%Southern Cross Hops Co-Humulone Acid Composition - 25 To 28 Percent

Southern Cross Hops Cone Physical Characteristics


Southern Cross Lupulin ColorPale YellowPale Yellow Lupulin Color for Southern Cross Hops
Southern Cross Cone DensityModerateSouthern Cross Hops - Moderate Cone Density

Southern Cross Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details


MaturityMid SeasonSouthern Cross Hops - Mid Season Maturity
YieldYield for Southern Cross Hops is Moderate to High at 2116 - 2116 kg/hectare
Southern Cross Hops - Moderate to High Crop Yields
Growth RateVigorous
Southern Cross Hops - Vigorous Growth Rate
Susceptibility to Disease and PestsSouthern Cross Hops Resistance to Disease & Pests is Moderate
StorabilitySouthern Cross Hops maintains 60%-70% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees CSouthern Cross Hops Storability - Moderate
Ease of HarvestGoodSouthern Cross Hops - Good Pickability

Southern Cross Hops Oil Composition


Total Oil Composition1.2-1.2 mls/100 gramsSouthern Cross Hops - Total Oil Compensation 1.2-1.2 mls
Myrcene Oil Composition31.8%-59%Southern Cross Hops - Myrcene Oil Compensation 31.8-59 Percent
Humulene Oil Composition13%-28%Southern Cross Hops - Humulene Oil Compensation 13-28 Percent
Caryophyllene Oil Composition4%-6.7%Southern Cross Hops - Caryophyllene Oil Compensation 4-6.7 Percent.jpg
Farnesene Oil Composition5%-7.3%Southern Cross Hops -Farnesene Oil Compensation 5-7.3 Percent

Southern Cross Hops Substitutes


VarietyDescription

Common Beer Styles for Southern Cross Hops


    Beer Style
    Pale Ale
    India Pale Ale
    Lager

    Southern Cross Hops Use in Commercial Beers


    WebsiteBrewing Company & Beer or Product
    Sierra Nevada Brewing Company
    Southern Hemisphere Harvest
    Sly Fox Brewing Company
    Southern Cross IPA