Origin and Description
Southern Cross Hops was released in 1994 by the HortResearch breeding Programme. Southern Cross was bred as a triploid cross between Smooth Cone (or Smoothcone), a variety bred from Cali or Californian (An early North American hops variety), and Fuggle.
Southern Cross Hops is a dual use hops as it imparts both desirable bittering and aroma for brewing. The alpha acid content is 11.0%-14.5%, and is suitable for beginning of the boil contributions. The bitterness is soft and and flavor comes off as a mix between citrus and spice. The co-humnulone in Southern Cross is relatively low as well. The oils are somewhat in balance with farnesene oil and myrcene oil being slightly elevated. The aroma is described as a bountiful bouquet of lemon zest with pine in beer.
Southern Cross Hops is promoted as having no substitutes due to its unique character. It is a strong yielding hops variety with fairly large oval hop cones that are moderate in density. The vigorous growth cycle end mid season for Southern Cross.
Southern Cross Hops Usage
Southern Cross hops is commonly used for both its aromatic qualities as well as its bittering qualities.
Southern Cross Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for southern cross hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Southern Cross Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||11%-14.5%|
|Beta Acid Composition||5%-6.4%|
Southern Cross Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Southern Cross Lupulin Color||Pale Yellow|
|Southern Cross Cone Density||Moderate|
Southern Cross Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Yield||Yield for Southern Cross Hops is Moderate to High at 2116 - 2116 kg/hectare|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests|
|Storability||Southern Cross Hops maintains 60%-70% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Southern Cross Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||1.2-1.2 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||31.8%-59%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||13%-28%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||4%-6.7%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||5%-7.3%|
Southern Cross Hops Substitutes
Common Beer Styles for Southern Cross Hops
|India Pale Ale|
Southern Cross Hops Use in Commercial Beers
|Website||Brewing Company & Beer or Product|
|Sierra Nevada Brewing Company|
Southern Hemisphere Harvest
|Sly Fox Brewing Company|
Southern Cross IPA