Origin and Description

Spalt Hops, also called Spalter Spalt, is a natural hops variety originating from Spalt Germany. This variety carries a great tradition in German brewing and has made an impact around the world. It is a part of the Saaz family of hops. Spalt is sought after for German-style Lagers, Helles, Pilsners and more. Spalt is a parent of Spalt Spalt Select which has better growing characteristics.

Spalt Hops is an aroma variety and has a low alpha acid content at 4.0%-5.0% with a 1:1 alpha beta ratio. This prolific variety is among the noble varieties due to its low co-humulone content and resembles Tettnanger. Spalt has abundance in all of the essential oils including farnesene which is barely traceable in many hop varieties. The lupulin from Spalt is a pale yellow, and overall the cone provides a signature aroma of zesty spice that is temperate and not overbearing. It is suitable throughout the boil and for dry-hopping German strongholds including Kolsch, Alts, Bocks, and the styles mentioned above.

Spalt hops is only grown in the Spalt, Germany region, and in limited quality. Its available on the markets, and is a part of beers found around the world. The small tight cones are harvested early to mid season after a vigorous growing cycle. Spalt Hops is tolerant to verticillium wilt as well as downy mildew which gives it a leg up in today's day and age of hop horticulture.

Spalt Hops Usage


Spalt hops is aromatic qualities.
Spalt hops is commonly used as as aroma agent in beer.

Spalt Hops Characteristics


Below is a list of characteristics for spalt hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.

Spalt Hops Acid Composition

Alpha Acid Composition 4%-5%Spalt Hops Alpha Acid Composition - 4 To 5 Percent
Beta Acid Composition 4%-5%Spalt Hops Beta Acid Composition - 4 To 5 Percent
Co-Humulone Composition 23%-28%Spalt Hops Co-Humulone Acid Composition - 23 To 28 Percent

Spalt Hops Cone Physical Characteristics


Spalt Lupulin ColorPale YellowPale Yellow Lupulin Color for Spalt Hops
Spalt Cone SizeSmall to MediumSpalt Hop - Small to Medium Cone Size
Spalt Cone DensityCompactSpalt Hops - Compact Cone Density

Spalt Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details


MaturityEarly to Mid SeasonSpalt Hops - Early to Mid Season Maturity
YieldYield for Spalt Hops is Low at 1000 - 1400 kg/hectare
Spalt Hops - Low Crop Yields
Growth RateVigorous
Spalt Hops - Vigorous Growth Rate
Susceptibility to Disease and Pests
Resistent To:
Verticillium Wilt,Downy Mildew,
Spalt Hops Resistance to Disease & Pests is Moderate to Excellent
StorabilitySpalt Hops maintains 50%-60% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees CSpalt Hops Storability - Poor to Moderate
Ease of HarvestGoodSpalt Hops - Good Pickability

Spalt Hops Oil Composition


Total Oil Composition0.5-1.1 mls/100 gramsSpalt Hops - Total Oil Compensation 0.5-1.1 mls
Myrcene Oil Composition15%-25%Spalt Hops - Myrcene Oil Compensation 15-25 Percent
Humulene Oil Composition18%-25%Spalt Hops - Humulene Oil Compensation 18-25 Percent
Caryophyllene Oil Composition10%-15%Spalt Hops - Caryophyllene Oil Compensation 10-15 Percent.jpg
Farnesene Oil Composition10%-15%Spalt Hops -Farnesene Oil Compensation 10-15 Percent

Spalt Hops Substitutes


VarietyDescription
SaazSaaz Hops has changed the world of brewing forever, as it is an esteemed and honored variety that helped to define European Lagers and Bohemian Pilsners. It is...
Tettnanger (GR)Tettnanger Hops gets its name from the Tettnang area of Germany. Tettnang is a famous hops growing region (and town) near the southern border, near Lake Bodens...
Spalter SelectSpalt Select Hops was bred as a cross between Spalt and Hallertauer Mittlefrüh by the Hops Research Institute in Hull, Germany. Its origination is circa late ...
SantiamSantiam Hops was released in 1997 by the USDA and is a cross between 1/3 German Tettnanger, 1/3 Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, and 1/3 tetrapoild USDA Male. Both of ...

Common Beer Styles for Spalt Hops


    Beer Style
    Strong Ale
    Alt Bier
    Hefeweizen
    Belgian India Pale Ale
    Lager
    Pilsner
    Helles Bock
    American Wheat
    Pale Ale
    German Lager
    Helles

    Spalt Hops Use in Commercial Beers


    WebsiteBrewing Company & Beer or Product
    Brouwerij De Dolle Brouwers
    Arabier
    Düsseldorfer Privatbrauerei Frankenheim
    Alt
    Aecht Schenferla Rauchbier
    Weizen
    Brouwerij Het Anker
    Gouden Carolus Hopsinjoor
    Sacremento Brewing Company
    Brewhouse Lager
    Victory Brewing Company
    CBC Braumeister Pils
    Tampa Bay Brewing Company
    Helles Bock
    Downtown Joe's American Grill and Brewhouse
    Lazy Summer American Wheat
    Ballast Point Brewing Company
    Yellowtail Pale Ale
    Mad Fox Brewing Company
    Franconian Kellerbier
    Thomas Hooker Brewing Company
    Octoberfest
    Fletcher Street Brewing Company
    Fletcher Helles
    Red Oak Brewing Company
    Red Oak Lager
    Moon River Brewing Company
    Savannah Fest
    Flat Branch Pub and Brewery
    Oktoberfest
    Flat Branch Pub and Brewery
    German Lager