Origin and Description

Summit Hops is a unique variety with a novel history. Summit was released by the American Hops Dwarf Association in Yakima, WA and its story begins with Nugget hops. Its a little easier to write out the lineage formula vs sentence form...and here it is:

  • 1998: Nugget X Open Pollination = Non-patented Nugget Male (Nugget-M)
  • 1999: Zeus X Nugget-M = USDA 19058M
  • 1999: Zeus X USDA 19058M = Lexus
  • 2000 - Lexus X Open Pollination = Summit!

The original Nugget seeds were from a commercial hop field in Harrah, Washington. Summit is a semi-dwarf variety, and the following years after 2000 brought growing trials to prove Summit's worth in yield, brewing character and resistance to disease and fungus.

Summit Hops is at the top of the Super Alpha varieties chain with an alpha acid content of 16.0%-18.0%. BAM!!! It has a 6:1 alpha beta ratio and also carries a relatively high co-humulone content at 26.0%-33.0%. Summit is often found in India Pale Ales, mainly in the United States, and its easy to see why. Aside from its bittering qualities of this hops, this variety also has strong aromatic qualities which are truly citrus; having notes of tangerine, orange, and grapefruit. It has a relatively high overall oil content at 1.5-2.5 mls/100 grams, and perhaps this helps to describe the strong aroma. The oils are all in average ranges with the exception of farnesene oil which barely registers.

Summit Hops is the first dwarf originating from the United States, and is the only low trellis hops in the Yakima Valley. Summit requires hand picking due to the lack of machinery and takes a lot of work as the yield is very high at 2200-2700 lbs/acre. This variety is susceptible to downy mildew, yet tolerant to powdery mildew and verticillium wilt. Summit also stores very well maintaining 85% of its alpha acids after 6 months of storage at 20 degrees C. It is a new variety but already has the attention of brewers, mostly from the United States at this time.

Summit Hops Usage

Summit hops has bittering qualities.
Summit hops is commonly used as as bittering agent in beer.

Summit Hops Characteristics

Below is a list of characteristics for summit hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.

Summit Hops Acid Composition

Alpha Acid Composition 16%-18%Summit Hops Alpha Acid Composition - 16 To 18 Percent
Beta Acid Composition 3.3%-4.3%Summit Hops Beta Acid Composition - 3.3 To 4.3 Percent
Co-Humulone Composition 26%-33%Summit Hops Co-Humulone Acid Composition - 26 To 33 Percent

Summit Hops Cone Physical Characteristics

Summit Lupulin ColorDark YellowDark Yellow Lupulin Color for Summit Hops
Summit Cone SizeMediumSummit Hop - Medium Cone Size
Summit Cone DensityModerate to CompactSummit Hops - Moderate to Compact Cone Density

Summit Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details

MaturityMid SeasonSummit Hops - Mid Season Maturity
YieldYield for Summit Hops is High at 2200 - 2700 kg/hectare
Summit Hops - High Crop Yields
Growth RateVigorous
Summit Hops - Vigorous Growth Rate
Susceptibility to Disease and PestsSusceptible To:
Downy Mildew,
Resistent To:
Powdery Mildew,Verticillium Wilt,Phytophthora Root Rot,
Summit Hops Resistance to Disease & Pests is Moderate to Excellent
StorabilitySummit Hops maintains 85%-85% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees CSummit Hops Storability - Excellent
Ease of HarvestGoodSummit Hops - Good Pickability

Summit Hops Oil Composition

Total Oil Composition1.5-2.5 mls/100 gramsSummit Hops - Total Oil Compensation 1.5-2.5 mls
Myrcene Oil Composition30%-50%Summit Hops - Myrcene Oil Compensation 30-50 Percent
Humulene Oil Composition15%-25%Summit Hops - Humulene Oil Compensation 15-25 Percent
Caryophyllene Oil Composition10%-15%Summit Hops - Caryophyllene Oil Compensation 10-15 Percent.jpg
Farnesene Oil Composition0%-1%Summit Hops -Farnesene Oil Compensation 0-1 Percent

Summit Hops Substitutes


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ZeusZeus Hops, although genetically different, gets shuffled into the CTZ group of Hops. CTZ stands for Columbus, ...
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Common Beer Styles for Summit Hops

    Beer Style
    India Pale Ale
    Pale Ale
    American Pale Ale
    Amber Lager
    American Wheat

    Summit Hops Use in Commercial Beers

    WebsiteBrewing Company & Beer or Product
    Bison Brewing Company
    Organic IPA Single Hops Series
    Widmer Brothers
    Drifter Pale Ale
    Stoudt's Brewery
    Black Eye PA
    Real Ale Brewing Company
    Lost Gold IPA
    Fifty Fifty Brewing Company
    Rockslide IPA
    Boulder Creek Brewery
    Black Dragon Stout
    Tustin Brewery
    American Pale Ale
    O'Fallen Brewery
    5-Day IPA
    Boathouse Brewery
    Allium IPA
    Pyramid Brewing Company
    Shoreline Brewery
    Sum Nug India Pale Ale
    Backcountry Brewery
    Wheeler Wheat
    Tenaya Creek Brewery
    Hop Ride IPA
    Aspen Brewery
    Independence Pass Ale IPA
    Spruce Street Brewery
    Pale Hose Summit Ale
    Wild Goose Brewery
    Snow Goose Winter Ale