Origin and Description
Vanguard Hops was originally bred in 1982, but did not get released until 1997. That certainly makes you wonder how many varieties there are that have yet to see the open market. Exciting... Vanguard Hops is a cross between USDA 21285 and USDA 64037M. USDA 21285 was a bred in Parma, Idaho and is a cross between Hallertauer Mittelfrueh Hops X Open Pollination. The pedigree of 64037M Hops is unknown. According to the USDA archives, Vanguard Hops was tested by Anheuser Busch Inc. from 1994-1999.
Vanguard Hops is an aroma variety and carries similar acid characteristics as Hallertauer Mittelfrueh Hops. The alpha acid content in Vanguard is low ranging from 4.4%-6.0% with higher beta acid (6.0%-7.0%) and a staggering low co-humulone content at 14.0%-16.0%. This makes for very smooth and subtle bitter qualities in beer. Vanguard Hops comes equipped with higher than normal humulene oil, which itself is bound in woody and herbal character that produces a spicy essence over long boils in homebrew and craft beers. Vanguard is ripe for German-Style beers, but its application does not stop there. It is going to add to the aroma complexity for any number of ales, including Stouts and Imperial Stouts.
Vanguard Hops, like its lineage, is not a high yielding plant, and produces 1300-1700 lbs/acre. The cones are small to medium size and on the loose side. After tolerating Downy Mildew, Vanguard is harvested early in the season. Vanguard can be found in beers around the world, but is most widely used in the United States. Brewers are finding all kinds of uses for this noble type variety in beer....enjoy.
Vanguard Hops Usage
Vanguard hops is commonly used as as aroma agent in beer.
Vanguard Hops Characteristics
Below is a list of characteristics for vanguard hops that impact farming, chemistry, transport & trade, beer production, as well as the final character of the finished product.
Vanguard Hops Acid Composition
|Alpha Acid Composition||4.4%-6%|
|Beta Acid Composition||6%-7%|
Vanguard Hops Cone Physical Characteristics
|Vanguard Lupulin Color||Pale Yellow to Yellow|
|Vanguard Cone Size||Small to Medium|
|Vanguard Cone Density||Loose to Moderate|
Vanguard Hops Growth, Harvest, and Storage Details
|Yield||Yield for Vanguard Hops is Low at 1300 - 1700 kg/hectare|
|Susceptibility to Disease and Pests|
|Storability||Vanguard Hops maintains 75%-80% alpha acid comtents after 6 months storage at 20 degrees C|
|Ease of Harvest||Good|
Vanguard Hops Oil Composition
|Total Oil Composition||0.9-1.2 mls/100 grams|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||20%-25%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||45%-50%|
|Caryophyllene Oil Composition||12%-14%|
|Farnesene Oil Composition||0%-1%|
Vanguard Hops Substitutes
|Liberty||Liberty Hops is an extension of the Hallertau family of hops and was bred in 1983 from Hallertauer Mittlefrüh and a disease (Downy Mildew, Verticillium Wilt) r...|
|Mount Hood||Mt Hood is another descendant of the Hallertau family of Hops and is specifically a cross between a colchicine induced tetraploid Hallertau Mittelfrueh and USDA...|
|Hallertau||Think Hallertau Hops and think Bavarian beers styles. The Hallertau variety once dominated the region from which it was named before being replaced by a|
|Hersbrucker||Hersbrucker Hops was the gift of the earth from the Hersbruck district in Hallertau Germany. This variety, found from natural selection, has been taking over a...|
Common Beer Styles for Vanguard Hops